Deciding to file for divorce can be an extremely difficult decision that not only affects those who are in the marriage, but possibly children and families of the spouses as well. As family attorneys, we try to make it as comfortable as possible for our clients as they go through this transition in life. Part of that involves providing resources to help our clients understand the options available to them when filing for divorce. In the state of Florida, there are different paths that can be pursued for complete dissolution of a marriage. Making the choice to file for a simplified dissolution of marriage or a regular dissolution depends on what has transpired over the course of the marriage, and if there is complete agreement on the dissolution terms.
Simplified Dissolution of Marriage
There are very specific conditions in which spouses in the state of Florida can file together for a simplified dissolution of divorce. In order to qualify for this type of divorce, there must be no minor children involved in marriage and the wife cannot be pregnant at the time of divorce. In addition, both parties must have agreed that the marriage is irretrievably broken, and there is also agreement on the separation of property, debts, and assets. With a simplified divorce, neither party is seeking alimony. It is not necessary to hire an attorney for this type of divorce, but many will do so to assist them with the legal process. Both parties are still responsible for filing all the necessary paperwork and both spouses must appear before a judge in a final decision.
Regular Dissolution of Marriage
With a regular dissolution of marriage, either spouse can file for divorce and state what they want from the court. The responding spouse must file an answer within 20 days, and is also allowed to file a counter-petition with any additional concerns regarding issues to be resolved within the dissolution.
With a regular divorce, both spouses must disclose financial and property information, and a child-support guidelines worksheet must be filled out if there are minor children from the marriage. In some counties, judges may require that the spouses attend mediation to work out solutions to splitting marital assets and property, however this is not always required, but often recommended. If there is not an agreement of terms for the dissolution, then the divorce will go to trial. A judge will make the final decision on how the marriage is dissolved.
With any divorce in Florida, the spouse who files, or the “petitioner”, must state that the marriage is “irretrievably broken”, and for a simplified dissolution, this point must be agreed to by both parties in order to proceed.
When making the choice to end a marriage, it’s important that you hire someone experienced in family law to guide you through the process. Emotions are high at this time, but a knowledgeable divorce attorney can help keep you on the right path to understanding the legal process and transition caused by divorce.
Consumer Pamphlet: Divorce In Florida. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2017, from http://www.floridabar.org/tfb/tfbconsum.nsf/48e76203493b82ad852567090070c9b9/50c0b911a9cb28fd85256b2f006c5ba9#Untitled%20Section_2
It’s not extremely uncommon that criminal court and family court cases collide. However, one recent case involving a $20 million settlement stemming from an overturned conviction found its way into the Illinois Court of Appeal. This case involved a settlement received by Juan Rivera for his wrongful conviction and subsequent incarceration for a rape and murder he did not commit in 1992. Rivera was cleared by DNA samples in 2011 and released from prison in early 2012, but he had already spent a considerable amount of time in jail for the crime. His wife now claims that she is owed part of his settlement payout in their divorce.
In 2000 Rivera married Melissa Sanders-Rivera while he was still incarcerated. Rivera filed for divorce in 2014 after he was exonerated and released from prison in 2012. He had been awarded $20 million by the government for his wrongful conviction and took home about $11.4 million after taxes and attorney fees.
Sanders-Rivera claims to be owed part of his overturned conviction settlement as martial property distributed as part of the divorce and an Illinois Court of Appeals agrees with her. The reasoning behind this ruling had to do with the fact that the lawsuit leading to the settlement payout accrued during their marriage and therefore, is considered marital property.
Rivera and his legal team had hoped to take the case to the Illinois Supreme Court in order to overturn the appellate court’s ruling claiming that the settlement was due to events and injuries that occurred in 1992 prior to the marriage. The state Supreme Court declined to hear the case, which means that the appellate court decision stands and the settlement must be distributed as marital property accrued during the marriage. The divorce trial is set to take place summer of 2017 in the domestic relations division of the courts.
In cases of criminal law and family law, there may be certain times when these two divisions collide, as in the above-mentioned case. An experienced attorney versed in both will be able to assist in navigating the system. If you are going through a divorce, or need assistance with settlements related to family law matters, you should contact an attorney immediately who may be able to protect your assets, and may be able to help you receive what is owed as part of marital distribution.
Hammill, L. (2017, January 27). $20 million wrongful conviction settlement headed for divorce court. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/lake-county-news-sun/news/ct-lns-juan-rivera-settlement-case-st-0128-20170127-story.html
Weiss, D. C. (n.d.). Exonerated inmate’s $20M settlement is marital property in divorce, appeals court says. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from http://www.abajournal.com/news/article/exonerated_inmates_20m_settlement_is_marital_property_in_divorce_appeals_co
We often think of the holiday season as a time of joy and excitement. However, for some families the holidays can be stressful and aggravating. Divorces can occur in the following months as the result of a rough Thanksgiving or Christmas. Sometimes it’s the effort of the family to attempt to stay together, and keep negativity from surfacing when Santa is supposed to be coming to town.
Due to this timing, statistics consistently show that at the start of the New Year, there is typically a one third increase in divorce filings, giving January a reputation as “divorce month.” Just how seasonal is divorce? Filings tend to pop up again in March and August, dissipating when we finally reach the fall. The latter most likely due to the approaching holidays, once more.
Coping with the Divorce
With renewed foresight of these possible events, how can you better prepare for them when they happen? Divorce is often difficult to deal with emotionally not just because of the end of the marriage, but also because of having to go through the legal processes such as the division of assets and belongings. There are a lot of technicalities to be keeping in mind: cost, time, emotional strain. One way to ease this stress is to keep finances together until the proceedings have concluded.
Another important factor that both parties need to keep in mind is the amount of money they will need to make due on their own, including the fees for the divorce itself, which is typically around twenty thousand dollars. Some individuals think to increase their income by means of cashing in retirement accounts. However, it’s best to consult with an attorney if feel you’re going to need additional monetary assistance after you separate from your partner. Your lawyer will be able to explain how additional income may affect such financial factors as child support amounts.
Going through a divorce can be difficult for the entire family. If you’re going through one this month or considering filing for divorce, it’s understandable if you feel overwhelmed or confused. Professional family lawyers can help assist and prepare you for the events to come.
Bresiger, G. (2015, January 11). January is the biggest month for divorces. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://nypost.com/2015/01/11/january-is-the-biggest-month-for-divorces/
(2017, January 18). It’s January, also known as divorce month. Here’s how to cope. Retrieved January 23, 2017, from http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/18/its-january-also-known-as-divorce-month-heres-how-to-cope.html
Holidays bring magic, laughter, and memories to last, but sometimes, holidays can be stressful, especially for families of divorced parents. As a family law firm, we are all too familiar with stress that child custody (i.e., timesharing) can cause year round, yet holidays can add even more emotion to an already complicated matter.
Whether this is your first holiday season as a divorced parent or even if you’ve been sharing custody for quite some time, taking extra steps can make all the difference. Here are some ways to ease holiday stress for your whole family:
- Put the children’s interests first.
Be flexible and sensitive to their wants and needs. For example, do they have a favorite holiday tradition with your ex-spouse’s family? Allow them to participate if it’s feasible. Splitting time on a holiday might add more stress on the children. Alternatives to splitting time during each holiday is alternating holiday years and maybe celebrating the holiday on another day, before or after, the day the actual holiday falls on. The less transitional phases kids have to go through, the more enjoyable the day(s) will be.
- Plan ahead.
Planning ahead can help ease stress on both parents and children, as everyone will know what to expect during the day and celebration. Planning ahead can help avoid unfavorable behavior from both parents and grief from extended family members. If an agreement cannot be made, refer to the custody agreement. If one is not made, we strongly recommend discussing one with an attorney.
Making sure your plans are in order before discussing them with your children will help ensure an enjoyable experience for all. Communicating about travel plans, gifts, and other events during the holiday season is vital for parents to ease additional stress on their children. Children might be used to certain holiday traditions a family unit, but encourage them to enjoy the holidays by discussing new traditions and still being a family unit, just in a different way. If children see their parents supporting each other, they will often feel more relaxed and enjoy themselves more.
- Possibly plan some celebrations together.
If divorced or separated parents and their extended families are able to celebrate the holidays together without hostility and mal behavior, parents should consider this for their children. Sometimes it’s difficult for parents to put on a “happy face” when in the vicinity of their exes, but think of the smiles on your children’s faces and that will help put your differences aside.
If your family needs assistance with custody, divorce, or other family planning needs, we a family law attorney assist you and help keep your families best interest a priority.
Cannavo, A. (2016, December 12). 3 Stress-relieving holiday tips for separated or divorced parents. Retrieved December 18, 2016, fromhttp://www.charlotteobserver.com/living/health-family/moms/article120371338.html
Rubin, R. L. (2016, November 11). Putting Children First: The Best Gift Divorced Parents Can Give Their Children This Holiday Season. Retrieved December 19, 2016, fromhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/randi-l-rubin/putting
In child support matters, discrepancies often occur between the parents, but not many of them make their way to the Florida Supreme Court. The Fourth District Court of Appeal, however, recently asked the state’s Supreme Court to hear a matter in which a woman is attempting to sue her ex-husband’s employer for covering up his real income. The appeals court is asking for the case to be heard by the Florida Supreme Court because it is refusing to amend Florida law that would create “a sweeping change.”
The appellate process began when a woman in Palm Beach County alleged that her ex-husband and his employer conspired to cover up his real income. She claims that the two came up with the plan in order to keep her from receiving court-mandated child support payments.
In an article that appeared on Florida Record, Professor Timothy Arcaro of Nova Southeastern University, commented that there would be cause to pursue a violation of the court mandated child support order if the employer knowingly reported a reduced income. The violation would most likely be sought against the employer, which could be held responsible for breaking the law by the Florida Supreme Court.
Child support matters are complicated. Although the State of Florida has specific parameters set up for calculating child support, a variety of factors go into the final amount to be paid. In addition, child support is never written in stone. Whether you need to set up child support for the first time, amend your child support due to financial changes, or collect unpaid child support, a family law attorney can ensure that your rights are protected.
JACOBSON, K. (2016, November 23). Florida appeals court asks state supreme court to take up child support case. Retrieved November 30, 2016, from http://flarecord.com/stories/511048156-florida-appeals-court-asks-state-supreme-court-to-take-up-child-support-case
Child support is always a hot topic in family court. Even though it’s based on numbers and the Florida Child Support Calculator, it can be an extremely emotional subject for all parties involved. It can also be exceptionally confusing.
Here are five facts about child support in Florida that you should be aware of:
1. A 50/50 custody agreement doesn’t guarantee that you won’t have to pay child support.
A common misconception of child support in Florida is that if the parents share equal custody, or time-sharing, that they will not have to pay child support. If one parent makes substantially more income than the other parent, it is possible that once the numbers are worked out, they will still be ordered to pay child support.
2. Child support payments can be reviewed and changed.
Financial circumstances change and if they are significant changes, you may be able to request that your child support payments be reviewed and changed. These changes may include losing a job, substantial medical expenses, or another change in the child’s needs. Keep in mind that voluntarily quitting a job isn’t enough to seek a change in child support payments.
3. An arrest warrant can be issued if child support is not paid.
In Florida, if a parent fails to pay child support, the court may be able to issue an arrest warrant. Other penalties can also be imposed such as a suspended license, property liens, and more.
4. Imputed income can be assigned if a parent is voluntarily not working.
If one parent is capable of working, but voluntarily chooses not to work, imputed income can be assigned and factored into child support payment. This means that if one parent isn’t currently employed, it doesn’t automatically mean that the other parent will have to pay them more money. A salary will be assigned to the non-working parent for child support calculation purposes.
5. Wages can be deducted directly from a parent’s paycheck to pay for child support.
Wages can be deducted voluntarily from a parent’s paycheck, which can help ensure that payments are not missed. However, a paycheck deduction can also be ordered by the courts. 6. Parents who pay child support do not have the right to know how that money is spent. In Florida, there is no law that requires that the parent who receives the money (the payee) tell the parent who is paying child support (the payer) how the money is spent.
If you’re facing a child custody matter, an experienced family law attorney can guide you as to your rights as a parent. Whether the issue is new or you would like to have an existing order, such as child support payments, reviewed and possibly amended, a family law attorney can help ensure that the best interests of both you and your children are not overlooked.
Generally following a divorce, a spouse can be awarded alimony. Alimony is defined as a court-ordered provision that is granted to a spouse after separation or divorce. The alimony can be one or more things including child support, financial support, and maintenance.
Within the state of Florida, there are a few things you should be aware of in regards to alimony in a divorce/separation case.
Distribution of the Alimony
After the dissolution of the marriage and award of the alimony, it may be asked that payments be made periodically or in lump sums. A very important thing to consider if the latter, as lump sum payments are often harder to achieve. The adultery of either spouse can be utilized in the case in order to determine the amount of the alimony awarded. The court will also determine if there are any facts that lead them to believe either spouse is actually in need of alimony.
Factors Considered by the Court
The court takes a variety of circumstances into account after the divorce when making a decision on awarding alimony. Such circumstances of the marriage are included, but not limited to, the duration of the marriage, the standard of living of the marriage, the financial resources of each party, the contribution of each party to the marriage, and all sources of income that each party possesses.
Protection of the Alimony to the Awarded Spouse
The court may order that the individual that is to be making the payments take out a life insurance policy in order to provide security to the awarded party. If not a life insurance policy, a bond, or other forms of available assets will be asked to serve the same purpose.
The Awarding of Rehabilitative Alimony
If a single party is incapable of supporting his or herself after the marriage has dissolved, a rehabilitative alimony may be awarded in order for that person to re-establish themselves. This can be anything from acquiring further education or job skill training that assures the individual can seek adequate employment. In order to be awarded the alimony, it has to be shown that there is a plan or end goal for the seeking party.
Awarding of the Alimony May Not Leave Payor with Less Income
The net income of the recipient is not to exceed the net income of the payor unless an extreme or special circumstance calls for it. Only in the case where there are written findings of “exceptional circumstances” may there be an outcome of the payor acquiring a lower net income than the recipient.
If you have been through a recent divorce in Florida or may be filing for divorce in the future, it is wise to seek an experienced family lawyer. Adequate representation can help protect your rights during a divorce. Contact us for more information or to schedule a consultation.
Statutes & Constitution :View Statutes : Online Sunshine. (2016). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute
Sociologists at the University of Washington have performed new research finding that divorce may actually be seasonal. The data collected is said to be the first ever quantitative evidence proving that there are biannual filings for divorces. The study was performed between the years of 2001 and 2015 and noted that the majority of divorce cases peaked during the months following winter and summer holiday seasons.
Peak Times for Divorce Revolve Around Holidays and Kids
According to statistics, many couples see holiday seasons as a time to hold to traditional family values. Splitting up is the last thing they want to do so in an effort to make it work they attempt family trips or outings. The usual presumption is that things will get better, but as time passes it becomes more apparent that it’s probably best to make the split.
Generally, couples filing for divorce will take some of the strain off of themselves by agreeing to separate close to when the children are going back to school. In their opinion this has a lower impact on the family dynamic, which accounts for the spike that occurs just after summer holidays.
However, the researchers involved were still trying to discover what causes the post winter divorce spike. Experts claim that the longer days of winter months drive people’s motivations to act; the conclusion was reached after taking notice that suicides also increase during this same time.
Is Seasonal Divorce a Common Phenomenon Nationwide?
Birnes, one of the active scientists in the study, claims that the end goal wasn’t necessarily to find a pattern in divorce. The study’s aim was to investigate the effect of the recession on marital stability. Their results, however, turned up with seasonal filings for divorce cases.
Since happening upon this phenomenon (which was restricted to 39 counties in Washington), Birnes wanted to know if this trend also took shape in other states around the country. They decided to examine Arizona, Minnesota, Ohio, and Florida. Each of the states showed a similar trend in comparison to the state of Washington.
If you’re considering filing for a divorce in, consult an experienced family lawyer. Spatz Law Firm specializes in family law and can aid in the multidimensional aspects of divorce. Don’t hesitate to contact us for a consultation in your family law case in Miami.
Is divorce seasonal? UW research shows biannual spike in divorce filings. (n.d.). Retrieved August 31, 2016, from http://www.washington.edu/news/2016/08/21/is-divorce-seasonal-uw-research-shows-biannual-spike-in-divorce-filings/
It used to be that the longer the couple was together, the longer the marriage would last, but as of late this isn’t proving to be true. The baby boomer generation, now well over 50, is bending the rules. More and more of the baby boomer generation are seeking out divorces as they age.
Interestingly enough, the same trend isn’t occurring with the younger population. According to the National Center for Family and Marriage research, those individuals under the age of 35 are seeing a massive decline in divorce. Over the past 20 years the rate for divorce amongst those over the age of 50 hasn’t just doubled; it has tripled.
How Divorce Late in Life Affects Adult Children
The separation of the union doesn’t just affect the couple that engages in the divide, the children these individuals have are greatly affected as well. The general presumption is usually that since the kids are adults, they shouldn’t be nearly as affected as younger, more vulnerable children. After all, they have developed their own lives and have their own families by now. Regardless of these presuppositions, such is not the case.
Millennials, having grown up with the family dynamic, experience a good degree of shock in finding out their parents have suddenly split up. Their family traditions are lost, the way they interact with their parents is now different, and everything they’ve known for years disappears before them. Most children of “gray-divorces” initially support their parents’ right to be happy, but quickly begin to realize the life they knew has dissipated and become bereft. To their parents, however, remaining in an unhappy marriage after being empty nesters makes very little sense at all and are quite content with breaking ties regardless of their age.
Why Divorce Isn’t as Common for Those Under 35
Even though the divorce rate is rising for those individuals over the age of 50, those under the age of 35 are experiencing a rapid decline. Research is suggesting that this is due to the fact that millennials have put off marrying altogether. Without the act of marriage there cannot be the act of divorce, therefore their numbers for amount of individuals divorcing one another would be much lower.
The experience of divorce has a different effect on all parties involved. Although older individuals rarely have to deal with issues of child support in the matter, assets and alimony do still play a large roll. If you know someone who’s filing for a divorce in Miami, or if you feel you need to take the step yourself, contact us.
Saggio, J. (2016). ‘Gray divorce’ affects millennials as parents split. Retrieved July 25, 2016, from http://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/2016/07/01/gray-divorce-affects-millennials-parents-split/85602708/
Years ago the huge marital head-turner was the prenuptial agreement. Now couples that have already declared their vows are contacting lawyers to have their finances drawn out. Couples who may have spent years with one another, had a couple of kids, and are now seeking to part ways may find the act of a post-nuptial agreement quite helpful.
Instead of fighting over the distribution of finances or concerning yourself with which one of you gets to keep Rover, enter into a legal agreement. A post-nuptial agreement can sometimes dictate a resolution to unresolved issues within a marriage. It can’t solve any type of dramatic conflict that exists between the couple, but are commonly sought by couples that want to avoid divorce. Though the framework of a post-nuptial is geared towards couples that may foresee a future divorce, it has also served to mend broken relationships.
It is advised to have three family law lawyers in the event of a post-nuptial agreement; one for the husband and wife and the additional lawyer to ensure the terms are in each of their best interests.
Florida Post-Nuptials: What to Expect
State of Florida post-nuptial laws can be difficult to navigate as they contain a variety of sections and marital circumstances. The purpose behind a post-nuptial agreement is to protect certain personal assets in the event of a divorce (much like a pre-nuptial agreement), however, as the name suggests, the agreement occurs after marriage. Post-nuptial’s also take into account any future earnings or inheritance each spouse would acquire.
As shared by USALegal.com, when the agreement is made after the marriage each spouse must honor the disclosure for the estates. However, what does this statement actually mean and how is each party affected?
If you believe a post-nuptial agreement is the right step for you, or know someone seeking financial protection within his or her marriage, contact us.
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“Florida Postnuptial Agreement Law.” Marriage Florida Postnuptial Agreement Law Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2016.
“Understanding Pre and Post Nuptial Agreements in Florida.” Miami Criminal Law Blog Atom. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2016.
“Postnuptial Agreement Can Cause Problems Contract With Spouse Has A Variety Of Uses.” Tribunedigital-orlandosentinel. N.p., 1988. Web. 29 June 2016.